New Mexico Landscape an American Charcoal Drawing by Albert Groll
American Charcoal Drawing of a New Mexico Landscape.
Albert Lorey Groll, American 1866-1942 drawing.
This drawing is Charcoal on laid paper and measures 12.5 inches tall by 15 inches wide and is signed in the lower left corner by Albert Lorey Groll.
The view is of the southwest United States desert, likely Arizona. Provenance: Kennedy Galleries, NYC.
Albert Lorey Groll (1866–1952) was an American artist and etcher. He was born in New York City and studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich, Germany, the Royal Academy in Antwerp, Belgium, and for some time in London. In 1910 he was elected into the National Academy of Design. He is best known for his landscape paintings of the American Southwest.
Groll was born in New York in 1866, the son of a pharmacist immigrant from Darmstadt, Germany. During his early years he travelled to Europe to study at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich, then called Royal Academy of Fine Arts, under Nicholas Gysis and Ludwig von Löfftz. He also studied in London and in the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Antwerp, Belgium. Groll went back to New York in 1895 and moved from figure painting to landscape painting in part due to the high cost of hiring models. He also became well known as an etcher.
In 1904 Groll made the first of several trips to the American Southwest, travelling to Arizona with ethnographer Stewart Culin of the Brooklyn Museum, and later going to New Mexico with his friend the artist and illustrator William Robinson Leigh. He mostly focused on oil paintings of the Native American lands, which were mostly realistic, however, encompassed some abstract shapes as well. The Laguna Pueblo people were impressed by Groll's paintings and gave him the name "Chief Bald Head Eagle Eye".
Groll kept a studio in the Gainsborough Studios in Manhattan, and won several awards for his work in both Arizona and New York, such as the Salmagundi Club Shaw Prize in 1904, and a gold medal at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in 1906. He also won a George Inness gold medal in 1912 for his painting of Lake Louise in the Canadian Rockies. This medal was awarded in the annual exhibit of National Academy of Design from 1901 to 1918 to the best landscape paintings.
In 1910 he was elected into the National Academy of Design, in 1919 Groll was elected as an associate member of the Taos Society of Artists, and in 1933 became a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters. He was also invited to join the American Watercolor Society.
He died on 2 October 1952, aged 85 years old, with funeral services held at the Frank E. Campbell Funeral Chapel in Manhattan.
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